Kayakalp (Ayurvedic anti ageing therapies) is a set of therapies practiced in Ayurveda, said to reverse the natural ageing process. Kayakalp is a Sanskrit word, means transformation of the body (kaya means ‘body’ and ‘kalp’ means transformation). Kayakalp procedures help to relax and rejuvenate body, mind and spirit, reverse the natural ageing process, remove all impurities and toxins from body and mind, grow new cell and balance the decay of old cells, bring more immunity to the body, weaken the intensity of diseases and preserve youthfulness.
Ageing is an irreversible process in which both structural ad functional changes happen to the body. All the systems begin to degrade and there will be lot of physical and psychological changes during senile period. Osteoporosis, arthritis, hearing and vision problems, Dementia, Alzheimer’s diseases, Cerebrovascular disorders, cardiovascular disorders, neurological disorders, hair loss, skin changes, psychological problems and sleep disorders are more common during this period. Kayakalp mentioned in vedic period help to stay young and combat the disease process. The full panchakarma therapy followed by appropriate rasayana karma undertaken for the purpose of vayah stapana or rejuvenation is called kayakalp. These treatments are beneficial for aged one, people with hectic lifestyle, business man, one who suffer from emotional imbalance, and one who suffers from diseases (life style and chronic).
MARMA ABHYANGA (Therapeutic massage)
The word massage derived from the Arabic word ‘mass’ meaning to press. Anointing the body with appropriate oil i.e., according to the diseases, body, nature, and strength of the patient. It is the scientific way of treating some forms of diseases, by external manipulations and applied in a variety of ways to the body. It also stimulates blood circulation and assists the lymphatic system, improving the elimination of waste throughout the body. By touch, which is a sense of love and warmness, massage has its emotional aspect also. It provides comfort, console and feeling of security to the patients. By stimulating the marma point (vital points) massage rejuvenates the body, retards ageing, overcomes fatigue, improves clarity of vision, renders nourishment, longevity, good sleep, good skin, and a strong physique.
PIZHICHIL (Ayurvedic oil bath)
It is the process by which body is made to perspire by means of pouring of warm medicated oils, in a specific manner. This treatment may be done to healthy persons as a rejuvenator and promoter of health. It is one of the most important treatments for vata born diseases. This is generally indicated in neurological ailments like paralysis, hemiplegia, Parkinsonism etc. The duration of treatment may vary according to the nature of the diseases and the physical and mental condition of the patient.
AVAGAHANA (Ayurvedic exotic tub bath)
It is a type of fomentation therapy in which patient is made to sit/lie in a tub containing medicated warm dravadravya (liquid) to induce sweating in the body. Dravadravya can be Luke warm water, medicated oil, decoction, cow’s urine, kanji etc. Avagaha sweda is indicated for low back ache, hip joint pain, severe pain in the lumbo sacral area, disc bulge, protrusion, sciatica, urinary or kidney stones, fistula, fissure in ano, multiple joint pains, osteoarthritis etc.
NAVARA KIZHI/ SASTIKA SALI PINDA SWEDA (Rice bolus steam)
Sastika Sali sweda or navara kizhi is a snighta (unctuous) pinda sweda in which fomentation is done by heated pottali containing sastika rice. The body must be well anointed before it is subjected to heat. Bolus is dipped in a warm decoction then massage whole body or a part of the body. Sudation makes the body strong, nourishes the body, strengthens muscles, improves blood circulation, removes stiffness due to diseases of vitiated vata type, cleanses the channels, improves complexion, increases appetite and improves digestion. It is indicated for diseases of nervous system, emaciation, degenerative disorders, poliomyelitis, muscular dystrophy, fatigue syndrome, restless leg syndrome, neuropathy, cerebral palsy, muscle wasting etc.
The word basti means to retain or hold, and in shirobasti the oil is made to retain on the scalp for a prescribed time. In this procedure a leather cap is tied around the head with the help of masha (black gram powder) or wheat flour and suitable medicated oil is poured on the inner surface of the leather cap slowly and carefully. The procedure should be continued until patient feels moisture in nose, watering from the mouth, secretions from the ear cavity etc. After removing the oil gentle massage should be done over the head and neck region. Shirobasti is indicated in numbness of the head, facial paralysis, insomnia, neurological ailments etc.